Luoyang is situated along the northern side of the Luo River. The greater Luoyang area has been sacred ground since the late Neolithic period. This area at the intersection of the Luo and Yi rivers was considered to be the geographical center of China.
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Baima Temple is the first officially sanctioned Buddhist temple in China and one of the oldest in the world. It was established almost 2000 years ago but rebuilt many times since.
Longmen National Park (Longmen Shiku (Dragon Gate Grottoes)), Among Longmen's wealth of world-famous treasures are flying Apsaras as well as fine works of Chinese calligraphy, represented by the 20 Longmen Calligraphic Samples. These are 20 pieces of calligraphy deemed perfect and correct representatives of the time they were created. Enshrined in a total of 2,100 cave-temples are 3,600 stone inscriptions and over 100,000 large and small Buddhist statues. The 17m high statue of Vairocana in Fengxian Temple is the most representative of the trove.
It's considered to be one of the great sculptural treasure sites in China and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.