Taiwan is an island located off the coast of southeastern China, southwest of Okinawa and north of the Philippines. Besides its crowded cities, Taiwan is also known for steep mountains and lush forests. In addition to the island, Taiwan also includes the Pescadores (Penghu), Quemoy (Kinmen/Jinmen), and Matsu.
Taiwan actually boasts some very impressive scenic sites, and Taipei is a vibrant center of culture and entertainment. The island is also a center of Chinese pop culture with a huge and vibrant entertainment industry. Taiwanese cuisine is also highly regarded among other Asians.
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Taipei is in the northern part of the island in a basin between the Yangming Mountains and the Central Mountains. It is, with 2.6 million inhabitants, the fourth largest administrative area of Taiwan, after New Taipei, Kaohsiung and Taichung. However, the Greater Taipei metropolitan area, which encompasses the central Taipei City along with the surrounding New Taipei City and Keelung, represents the largest urban cluster in Taiwan with nearly 7 million people. Taipei serves as the island's financial, cultural, and governmental center.